Debra Mackinnon is a PhD Candidate at Queen’s University. Broadly, her research interests include: power and regulation, surveillance, urban policy mobility, urban revitalization, political economy and critical legal theory. She received her BA(Hons) in sociology and criminology (2012) and MA in sociology (2014) from Simon Fraser University. Her SSHRC funded MA thesis, titled The Criminalization of Political Dissent: A critical discourse analysis of Occupy Vancouver and Bill C-309 investigated pre-emptive control strategies in Canada between 2008-2013. Her current PhD project, Converging Networks: Following public-private (big) data surveillance practices across Canadian Business Improvement Areas, focuses on urban governance and managerialism. This SSRHC funded research investigates the adoption, mobility and legitimization of public-private surveillance networks and the creation of data collection practices in Canadian cities.